Durand Line Agreement Upsc

The Durand Line Agreement is a historic treaty signed in 1893 between the British Empire and Afghanistan. The treaty demarcated the border between Afghanistan and British India, which is now referred to as the Afghanistan-Pakistan border. The Durand Line Agreement has remained a contentious issue in South Asian politics and has been the subject of heated debates and discussions among various stakeholders.

For the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) aspirants, the Durand Line Agreement holds significance as it is a crucial topic in the international relations and history syllabus. The treaty has shaped the geo-political dynamics of the South Asian region and has had a far-reaching impact on the relations between Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India.

From a historical perspective, the Durand Line Agreement was signed during a time of British colonial expansion into Asia. The agreement was signed by Sir Mortimer Durand, the foreign secretary of British India, and Amir Abdur Rahman Khan of Afghanistan. The treaty was aimed at creating a buffer zone between the British Indian Empire and the Russian Empire.

However, the Durand Line Agreement has been controversial since its inception. The treaty was signed without the consent of the local tribes inhabiting the region. The agreement divided the Pashtun tribes and created an arbitrary border that disregarded cultural and ethnic ties between the two sides.

Moreover, the treaty failed to take into account the changing political dynamics of the region. Afghanistan never recognized the Durand Line Agreement and has always claimed that the border regions are part of Afghan territory. This has led to tensions between Afghanistan and Pakistan, with border skirmishes and terrorist attacks being a regular occurrence in the region.

The Durand Line Agreement also has significant implications for India. The treaty created a porous border between Pakistan and Afghanistan, which has been exploited by various extremist groups to launch attacks on Indian soil. Moreover, the presence of terrorist groups in the region as a result of the Durand Line Agreement has led to instability and violence in the region, which has had a direct impact on India`s security interests.

In conclusion, the Durand Line Agreement is a crucial topic for UPSC aspirants to understand. The treaty has had far-reaching implications on the regional dynamics of South Asia and has had an impact on the relations between Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. A thorough understanding of the history and the contemporary issues surrounding the Durand Line Agreement is crucial for aspirants to succeed in the UPSC civil services examination.

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